Texas Code of Criminal Procedure

Art. Art. 45.058
Children Taken Into Custody


(a)

A child may be released to the child’s parent, guardian, custodian, or other responsible adult as provided by Section 52.02 (Release or Delivery to Court)(a)(1), Family Code, if the child is taken into custody for an offense that a justice or municipal court has jurisdiction of under Article 4.11 (Jurisdiction of Justice Courts) or 4.14 (Jurisdiction of Municipal Court).

(b)

A child described by Subsection (a) must be taken only to a place previously designated by the head of the law enforcement agency with custody of the child as an appropriate place of nonsecure custody for children unless the child:

(1)

is released under Section 52.02 (Release or Delivery to Court)(a)(1), Family Code; or

(2)

is taken before a justice or municipal court.

(c)

A place of nonsecure custody for children must be an unlocked, multipurpose area. A lobby, office, or interrogation room is suitable if the area is not designated, set aside, or used as a secure detention area and is not part of a secure detention area. A place of nonsecure custody may be a juvenile processing office designated under Section 52.025 (Designation of Juvenile Processing Office), Family Code, if the area is not locked when it is used as a place of nonsecure custody.

(d)

The following procedures shall be followed in a place of nonsecure custody for children:

(1)

a child may not be secured physically to a cuffing rail, chair, desk, or other stationary object;

(2)

the child may be held in the nonsecure facility only long enough to accomplish the purpose of identification, investigation, processing, release to parents, or the arranging of transportation to the appropriate juvenile court, juvenile detention facility, secure detention facility, justice court, or municipal court;

(3)

residential use of the area is prohibited; and

(4)

the child shall be under continuous visual supervision by a law enforcement officer or facility staff person during the time the child is in nonsecure custody.

(e)

Notwithstanding any other provision of this article, a child may not, under any circumstances, be detained in a place of nonsecure custody for more than six hours.

(f)

A child taken into custody for an offense that a justice or municipal court has jurisdiction of under Article 4.11 (Jurisdiction of Justice Courts) or 4.14 (Jurisdiction of Municipal Court) may be presented or detained in a detention facility designated by the juvenile court under Section 52.02 (Release or Delivery to Court)(a)(3), Family Code, only if:

(1)

the child’s non-traffic case is transferred to the juvenile court by a justice or municipal court under Section 51.08 (Transfer From Criminal Court)(b), Family Code; or

(2)

the child is referred to the juvenile court by a justice or municipal court for contempt of court under Article 45.050 (Failure to Pay Fine; Failure to Appear; Contempt: Juveniles).

(g)

Except as provided by Subsection (g-1) and Section 37.143 (Citation Prohibited; Custody of Child)(a), Education Code, a law enforcement officer may issue a field release citation as provided by Article 14.06 (Must Take Offender Before Magistrate) in place of taking a child into custody for a traffic offense or an offense punishable by fine only.

(g-1)

A law enforcement officer may issue a field release citation as provided by Article 14.06 (Must Take Offender Before Magistrate) in place of taking a child into custody for conduct constituting a violation of Section 49.02 (Public Intoxication), Penal Code, only if the officer releases the child to the child’s parent, guardian, custodian, or other responsible adult.

(h)

In this article, “child” means a person who is:

(1)

at least 10 years of age and younger than 17 years of age; and

(2)

charged with or convicted of an offense that a justice or municipal court has jurisdiction of under Article 4.11 (Jurisdiction of Justice Courts) or 4.14 (Jurisdiction of Municipal Court).

(i)

If a law enforcement officer issues a citation or files a complaint in the manner provided by Article 45.018 (Complaint) for conduct by a child 12 years of age or older that is alleged to have occurred on school property or on a vehicle owned or operated by a county or independent school district, the officer shall submit to the court the offense report, a statement by a witness to the alleged conduct, and a statement by a victim of the alleged conduct, if any. An attorney representing the state may not proceed in a trial of an offense unless the law enforcement officer complied with the requirements of this subsection.

(j)

Notwithstanding Subsection (g) or (g-1), a law enforcement officer may not issue a citation or file a complaint in the manner provided by Article 45.018 (Complaint) for conduct by a child younger than 12 years of age that is alleged to have occurred on school property or on a vehicle owned or operated by a county or independent school district.
Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1514, Sec. 9, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.
Amended by:
Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 311 (H.B. 558), Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2009.
Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1409 (S.B. 1114), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2013.
Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1132 (S.B. 108), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2015.
Source

Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021