Texas Education Code

Sec. § 37.151
Definitions


In this subchapter:

(1)

“Educational institution” includes a public or private high school.

(2)

“Pledge” means any person who has been accepted by, is considering an offer of membership from, or is in the process of qualifying for membership in an organization.

(3)

“Pledging” means any action or activity related to becoming a member of an organization.

(4)

“Student” means any person who:

(A)

is registered in or in attendance at an educational institution;

(B)

has been accepted for admission at the educational institution where the hazing incident occurs; or

(C)

intends to attend an educational institution during any of its regular sessions after a period of scheduled vacation.

(5)

“Organization” means a fraternity, sorority, association, corporation, order, society, corps, club, or student government, a band or musical group or an academic, athletic, cheerleading, or dance team, including any group or team that participates in National Collegiate Athletic Association competition, or a service, social, or similar group, whose members are primarily students.

(6)

“Hazing” means any intentional, knowing, or reckless act, occurring on or off the campus of an educational institution, by one person alone or acting with others, directed against a student for the purpose of pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in an organization if the act:

(A)

is any type of physical brutality, such as whipping, beating, striking, branding, electronic shocking, placing of a harmful substance on the body, or similar activity;

(B)

involves sleep deprivation, exposure to the elements, confinement in a small space, calisthenics, or other similar activity that subjects the student to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the mental or physical health or safety of the student;

(C)

involves consumption of a food, liquid, alcoholic beverage, liquor, drug, or other substance, other than as described by Paragraph (E), that subjects the student to an unreasonable risk of harm or that adversely affects the mental or physical health or safety of the student;

(D)

is any activity that induces, causes, or requires the student to perform a duty or task that involves a violation of the Penal Code; or

(E)

involves coercing, as defined by Section 1.07 (Definitions), Penal Code, the student to consume:

(i)

a drug; or

(ii)

an alcoholic beverage or liquor in an amount that would lead a reasonable person to believe that the student is intoxicated, as defined by Section 49.01 (Definitions), Penal Code.
Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995.
Amended by:
Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1371 (S.B. 38), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2019.
Source

Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021