Texas Education Code

Sec. § 37.001
Student Code of Conduct


(a)

The board of trustees of an independent school district shall, with the advice of its district-level committee established under Subchapter F (Planning and Decision-making Process), Chapter 11 (School Districts), adopt a student code of conduct for the district. The student code of conduct must be posted and prominently displayed at each school campus or made available for review at the office of the campus principal. In addition to establishing standards for student conduct, the student code of conduct must:

(1)

specify the circumstances, in accordance with this subchapter, under which a student may be removed from a classroom, campus, disciplinary alternative education program, or vehicle owned or operated by the district;

(2)

specify conditions that authorize or require a principal or other appropriate administrator to transfer a student to a disciplinary alternative education program;

(3)

outline conditions under which a student may be suspended as provided by Section 37.005 (Suspension) or expelled as provided by Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses);

(4)

specify that consideration will be given, as a factor in each decision concerning suspension, removal to a disciplinary alternative education program, expulsion, or placement in a juvenile justice alternative education program, regardless of whether the decision concerns a mandatory or discretionary action, to:

(A)

self-defense;

(B)

intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct;

(C)

a student’s disciplinary history;

(D)

a disability that substantially impairs the student’s capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the student’s conduct;

(E)

a student’s status in the conservatorship of the Department of Family and Protective Services; or

(F)

a student’s status as a student who is homeless;

(5)

provide guidelines for setting the length of a term of:

(A)

a removal under Section 37.006 (Removal for Certain Conduct); and

(B)

an expulsion under Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses);

(6)

address the notification of a student’s parent or guardian of a violation of the student code of conduct committed by the student that results in suspension, removal to a disciplinary alternative education program, or expulsion;

(7)

prohibit bullying, harassment, and making hit lists and ensure that district employees enforce those prohibitions;

(8)

provide, as appropriate for students at each grade level, methods, including options, for:

(A)

managing students in the classroom, on school grounds, and on a vehicle owned or operated by the district;

(B)

disciplining students; and

(C)

preventing and intervening in student discipline problems, including bullying, harassment, and making hit lists; and

(9)

include an explanation of the provisions regarding refusal of entry to or ejection from district property under Section 37.105 (Unauthorized Persons: Refusal of Entry, Ejection, Identification), including the appeal process established under Section 37.105 (Unauthorized Persons: Refusal of Entry, Ejection, Identification)(h).

(b)

In this section:

(1)

“Bullying” has the meaning assigned by Section 37.0832 (Bullying Prevention Policies and Procedures).

(2)

“Harassment” means threatening to cause harm or bodily injury to another student, engaging in sexually intimidating conduct, causing physical damage to the property of another student, subjecting another student to physical confinement or restraint, or maliciously taking any action that substantially harms another student’s physical or emotional health or safety.

(3)

“Hit list” means a list of people targeted to be harmed, using:

(A)

a firearm, as defined by Section 46.01 (Definitions)(3), Penal Code;

(B)

a knife, as defined by Section 46.01 (Definitions)(7), Penal Code; or

(C)

any other object to be used with intent to cause bodily harm.

(4)

“Student who is homeless” has the meaning assigned to the term “homeless children and youths” under 42 U.S.C. Section 11434a.

(b-1)

The methods adopted under Subsection (a)(8) must provide that a student who is enrolled in a special education program under Subchapter A (Statewide Plan), Chapter 29 (Educational Programs), may not be disciplined for conduct prohibited in accordance with Subsection (a)(7) until an admission, review, and dismissal committee meeting has been held to review the conduct.

(c)

Once the student code of conduct is promulgated, any change or amendment must be approved by the board of trustees.

(d)

Each school year, a school district shall provide parents notice of and information regarding the student code of conduct.

(e)

Except as provided by Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses)(e), this subchapter does not require the student code of conduct to specify a minimum term of a removal under Section 37.006 (Removal for Certain Conduct) or an expulsion under Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses).
Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1015, Sec. 2, eff. June 19, 1997; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1055, Sec. 4, 30, eff. June 20, 2003.
Amended by:
Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 504 (H.B. 603), Sec. 1, eff. June 17, 2005.
Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 920 (H.B. 283), Sec. 3, eff. June 18, 2005.
Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 897 (H.B. 171), Sec. 1, eff. June 19, 2009.
Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 776 (H.B. 1942), Sec. 5, eff. June 17, 2011.
Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 487 (S.B. 1541), Sec. 1, eff. June 14, 2013.
Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1409 (S.B. 1114), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2013.
Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 924 (S.B. 1553), Sec. 4, eff. June 15, 2017.
Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 167 (H.B. 811), Sec. 1, eff. May 24, 2019.
Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 167 (H.B. 811), Sec. 2, eff. May 24, 2019.
Source

Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021