Texas Education Code

Sec. § 37.009
Conference; Hearing; Review


(a)

Not later than the third class day after the day on which a student is removed from class by the teacher under Section 37.002 (Removal by Teacher)(b) or (d) or by the school principal or other appropriate administrator under Section 37.001 (Student Code of Conduct)(a)(2) or 37.006 (Removal for Certain Conduct), the campus behavior coordinator or other appropriate administrator shall schedule a conference among the campus behavior coordinator or other appropriate administrator, a parent or guardian of the student, the teacher removing the student from class, if any, and the student. At the conference, the student is entitled to written or oral notice of the reasons for the removal, an explanation of the basis for the removal, and an opportunity to respond to the reasons for the removal. The student may not be returned to the regular classroom pending the conference. Following the conference, and whether or not each requested person is in attendance after valid attempts to require the person’s attendance, the campus behavior coordinator, after consideration of the factors under Section 37.001 (Student Code of Conduct)(a)(4), shall order the placement of the student for a period consistent with the student code of conduct. Before ordering the suspension, expulsion, removal to a disciplinary alternative education program, or placement in a juvenile justice alternative education program of a student, the behavior coordinator must consider whether the student acted in self-defense, the intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct, the student’s disciplinary history, and whether the student has a disability that substantially impairs the student’s capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the student’s conduct, regardless of whether the decision of the behavior coordinator concerns a mandatory or discretionary action. If school district policy allows a student to appeal to the board of trustees or the board’s designee a decision of the campus behavior coordinator or other appropriate administrator, other than an expulsion under Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses), the decision of the board or the board’s designee is final and may not be appealed. If the period of the placement is inconsistent with the guidelines included in the student code of conduct under Section 37.001 (Student Code of Conduct)(a)(5), the order must give notice of the inconsistency. The period of the placement may not exceed one year unless, after a review, the district determines that the student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees.

(b)

If a student’s placement in a disciplinary alternative education program is to extend beyond 60 days or the end of the next grading period, whichever is earlier, a student’s parent or guardian is entitled to notice of and an opportunity to participate in a proceeding before the board of trustees of the school district or the board’s designee, as provided by policy of the board of trustees of the district. Any decision of the board or the board’s designee under this subsection is final and may not be appealed.

(c)

Before it may place a student in a disciplinary alternative education program for a period that extends beyond the end of the school year, the board or the board’s designee must determine that:

(1)

the student’s presence in the regular classroom program or at the student’s regular campus presents a danger of physical harm to the student or to another individual; or

(2)

the student has engaged in serious or persistent misbehavior that violates the district’s student code of conduct.

(d)

The board or the board’s designee shall set a term for a student’s placement in a disciplinary alternative education program. If the period of the placement is inconsistent with the guidelines included in the student code of conduct under Section 37.001 (Student Code of Conduct)(a)(5), the order must give notice of the inconsistency. The period of the placement may not exceed one year unless, after a review, the district determines that:

(1)

the student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees; or

(2)

extended placement is in the best interest of the student.

(e)

A student placed in a disciplinary alternative education program shall be provided a review of the student’s status, including a review of the student’s academic status, by the board’s designee at intervals not to exceed 120 days. In the case of a high school student, the board’s designee, with the student’s parent or guardian, shall review the student’s progress towards meeting high school graduation requirements and shall establish a specific graduation plan for the student. The district is not required under this subsection to provide a course in the district’s disciplinary alternative education program except as required by Section 37.008 (Disciplinary Alternative Education Programs)(l). At the review, the student or the student’s parent or guardian must be given the opportunity to present arguments for the student’s return to the regular classroom or campus. The student may not be returned to the classroom of the teacher who removed the student without that teacher’s consent. The teacher may not be coerced to consent.

(f)

Before a student may be expelled under Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses), the board or the board’s designee must provide the student a hearing at which the student is afforded appropriate due process as required by the federal constitution and which the student’s parent or guardian is invited, in writing, to attend. At the hearing, the student is entitled to be represented by the student’s parent or guardian or another adult who can provide guidance to the student and who is not an employee of the school district. If the school district makes a good-faith effort to inform the student and the student’s parent or guardian of the time and place of the hearing, the district may hold the hearing regardless of whether the student, the student’s parent or guardian, or another adult representing the student attends. Before ordering the expulsion of a student, the board of trustees must consider whether the student acted in self-defense, the intent or lack of intent at the time the student engaged in the conduct, the student’s disciplinary history, and whether the student has a disability that substantially impairs the student’s capacity to appreciate the wrongfulness of the student’s conduct, regardless of whether the decision of the board concerns a mandatory or discretionary action. If the decision to expel a student is made by the board’s designee, the decision may be appealed to the board. The decision of the board may be appealed by trial de novo to a district court of the county in which the school district’s central administrative office is located.

(g)

The board or the board’s designee shall deliver to the student and the student’s parent or guardian a copy of the order placing the student in a disciplinary alternative education program under Section 37.001 (Student Code of Conduct), 37.002 (Removal by Teacher), or 37.006 (Removal for Certain Conduct) or expelling the student under Section 37.007 (Expulsion for Serious Offenses).

(h)

If the period of an expulsion is inconsistent with the guidelines included in the student code of conduct under Section 37.001 (Student Code of Conduct)(a)(5), the order must give notice of the inconsistency. The period of an expulsion may not exceed one year unless, after a review, the district determines that:

(1)

the student is a threat to the safety of other students or to district employees; or

(2)

extended placement is in the best interest of the student. After a school district notifies the parents or guardians of a student that the student has been expelled, the parent or guardian shall provide adequate supervision of the student during the period of expulsion.

(i)

If a student withdraws from the district before an order for placement in a disciplinary alternative education program or expulsion is entered under this section, the principal or board, as appropriate, may complete the proceedings and enter an order. If the student subsequently enrolls in the district during the same or subsequent school year, the district may enforce the order at that time except for any period of the placement or expulsion that has been served by the student on enrollment in another district that honored the order. If the principal or board fails to enter an order after the student withdraws, the next district in which the student enrolls may complete the proceedings and enter an order.

(j)

If, during the term of a placement or expulsion ordered under this section, a student engages in additional conduct for which placement in a disciplinary alternative education program or expulsion is required or permitted, additional proceedings may be conducted under this section regarding that conduct and the principal or board, as appropriate, may enter an additional order as a result of those proceedings.
Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 260, Sec. 1, eff. May 30, 1995. Amended by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 1015, Sec. 7, eff. June 19, 1997; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1055, Sec. 13, eff. June 20, 2003.
Amended by:
Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1267 (S.B. 107), Sec. 4, eff. June 20, 2015.
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Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021