Texas Tax Code

Sec. § 23.47
Loan Secured by Lien on Agricultural-use Land


(a)

A lender may not require as a condition to granting or amending the terms of a loan secured by a lien in favor of the lender on land appraised according to this subchapter that the borrower waive the right to the appraisal or agree not to apply for or receive the appraisal.

(b)

A provision in an instrument pertaining to a loan secured by a lien in favor of the lender on land appraised according to this subchapter is void to the extent that the provision attempts to require the borrower to waive the right to the appraisal or to prohibit the borrower from applying for or receiving the appraisal.

(c)

A provision in an instrument pertaining to a loan secured by a lien in favor of the lender on land appraised according to this subchapter that requires the borrower to make a payment to protect the lender from loss because of the imposition of additional taxes and interest under Section 23.46 (Additional Taxation) is void unless the provision:

(1)

requires the borrower to pay into an escrow account established by the lender an amount equal to the additional taxes and interest that would be due under Section 23.46 (Additional Taxation) if a sale or change of use occurred on January 1 of the year in which the loan is granted or amended;

(2)

requires the escrow account to bear interest to be credited to the account monthly;

(3)

permits the lender to apply money in the escrow account to the payment of a bill for additional taxes and interest under Section 23.46 (Additional Taxation) before the loan is paid and requires the lender to refund the balance remaining in the escrow account after the bill is paid to the borrower; and

(4)

requires the lender to refund the money in the escrow account to the borrower on the payment of the loan.

(d)

On the request of the borrower or the borrower’s representative, the assessor for each taxing unit shall compute the additional taxes and interest that would be due that taxing unit under Section 23.46 (Additional Taxation) if a sale or change of use occurred on January 1 of the year in which the loan is granted or amended. The assessor may charge a reasonable fee not to exceed the actual cost of making the computation.

(e)

In this section, “lender” means a lending institution, including a bank, trust company, banking association, savings and loan association, mortgage company, investment bank, credit union, life insurance company, or governmental agency that customarily provides financing or an affiliate of any of those entities. The term does not include an agency of the United States.
Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 82, Sec. 1, eff. May 11, 1995.
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Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021