Texas Property Code

Sec. § 21.0113
Bona Fide Offer Required


An entity with eminent domain authority that wants to acquire real property for a public use must make a bona fide offer to acquire the property from the property owner voluntarily.


An entity with eminent domain authority has made a bona fide offer if:


an initial offer is made in writing to a property owner;


a final offer is made in writing to the property owner;


the final offer is made on or after the 30th day after the date on which the entity makes a written initial offer to the property owner;


before making a final offer, the entity obtains a written appraisal from a certified appraiser of the value of the property being acquired and the damages, if any, to any of the property owner’s remaining property;


the final offer is equal to or greater than the amount of the written appraisal obtained by the entity;


the following items are included with the final offer or have been previously provided to the owner by the entity:


a copy of the written appraisal;


a copy of the deed, easement, or other instrument conveying the property sought to be acquired; and


the landowner’s bill of rights statement prescribed by Section 21.0112 (Provision of Landowner’s Bill of Rights Statement Required); and


the entity provides the property owner with at least 14 days to respond to the final offer and the property owner does not agree to the terms of the final offer within that period.
Added by Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 81 (S.B. 18), Sec. 8, eff. September 1, 2011.

Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021