Health & Safety Code Section 481.159
Disposition of Controlled Substance Property or Plant
(a)If a district court orders the forfeiture of a controlled substance property or plant under Chapter 59 (Forfeiture of Contraband), Code of Criminal Procedure, or under this code, the court shall also order a law enforcement agency or a criminal justice agency to which the law enforcement agency transferred the property or plant for analysis and storage to:
(1)retain the property or plant for official law enforcement purposes, including use in the investigation of offenses under this code;
(2)deliver the property or plant to a government agency for official purposes;
(3)deliver the property or plant to a person authorized by the court to receive it;
(4)deliver the property or plant to a person authorized by the director to receive it; or
(5)destroy the property or plant that is not otherwise disposed of in the manner prescribed by this subchapter.
(b)The district court may not require the department to receive, analyze, or retain a controlled substance property or plant forfeited to a law enforcement agency other than the department.
(c)In order to ensure that a controlled substance property or plant is not diluted, substituted, diverted, or tampered with while being used in the investigation of offenses under this code, law enforcement agencies using the property or plant for this purpose shall:
(1)employ a qualified individual to conduct qualitative and quantitative analyses of the property or plant before and after their use in an investigation;
(2)maintain the property or plant in a secure storage area accessible only to the law enforcement agency head and the individual responsible for analyzing, preserving, and maintaining security over the property or plant; and
(3)maintain a log documenting:
(A)the date of issue, date of return, type, amount, and concentration of property or plant used in an investigation; and
(B)the signature and the printed or typed name of the peace officer to whom the property or plant was issued and the signature and the printed or typed name of the individual issuing the property or plant.
(d)A law enforcement agency may contract with another law enforcement agency to provide security that complies with Subsection (c) for controlled substance property or plants.
(e)A law enforcement agency may adopt a written policy with more stringent requirements than those required by Subsection (c). The director may enter and inspect, in accordance with Section 481.181 (Inspections), a location at which an agency maintains records or controlled substance property or plants as required by this section.
(f)If a law enforcement agency uses a controlled substance property or plant in the investigation of an offense under this code and the property or plant has been transported across state lines before the forfeiture, the agency shall cooperate with a federal agency in the investigation if requested to do so by the federal agency.
(g)Under the rules of the department, a law enforcement agency head may grant to another person access to a secure storage facility under Subsection (c)(2).
(h)A county, justice, or municipal court may order forfeiture of a controlled substance property or plant, unless the lawful possession of and title to the property or plant can be ascertained. If the court determines that a person had lawful possession of and title to the controlled substance property or plant before it was seized, the court shall order the controlled substance property or plant returned to the person, if the person so desires. The court may only order the destruction of a controlled substance property or plant that is not otherwise disposed of in the manner prescribed by Section 481.160 (Disposition of Excess Quantities).
(i)If a controlled substance property or plant seized under this chapter was forfeited to an agency for the purpose of destruction or disposition under Section 481.161 (Disposition of Controlled Substance Property or Plant in Lieu of Destruction) in lieu of destruction or for any purpose other than investigation, the property or plant may not be used in an investigation unless a district court orders disposition under this section and permits the use of the property or plant in the investigation.
Section 481.159 — Disposition of Controlled Substance Property or Plant,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/HS/htm/HS.481.htm#481.159 (accessed Dec. 2, 2023).