Texas Transportation Code
Sec. § 545.053
Passing to the Left; Return; Being Passed


(a)

An operator passing another vehicle:

(1)

shall pass to the left of the other vehicle at a safe distance; and

(2)

may not move back to the right side of the roadway until safely clear of the passed vehicle.

(b)

An operator being passed by another vehicle:

(1)

shall, on audible signal, move or remain to the right in favor of the passing vehicle; and

(2)

may not accelerate until completely passed by the passing vehicle.

(c)

Subsection (b) does not apply when passing to the right is permitted.
Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.
Sec. 545.054. PASSING TO THE LEFT: SAFE DISTANCE. (a) An operator may not drive on the left side of the center of the roadway in passing another vehicle unless:

(1)

driving on the left side of the center of the roadway is authorized by this subtitle; and

(2)

the left side is clearly visible and free of approaching traffic for a distance sufficient to permit passing without interfering with the operation of the passed vehicle or a vehicle approaching from the opposite direction.

(b)

An operator passing another vehicle shall return to an authorized lane of travel:

(1)

before coming within 200 feet of an approaching vehicle, if a lane authorized for vehicles approaching from the opposite direction is used in passing; or otherwise

(2)

as soon as practicable.
Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.
Sec. 545.055. PASSING TO THE LEFT: PASSING ZONES. (a) An operator shall obey the directions of a sign or marking in Subsection (c) or (d) if the sign or marking is in place and clearly visible to an ordinarily observant person.

(b)

An operator may not drive on the left side of the roadway in a no-passing zone or on the left side of any pavement striping designed to mark a no-passing zone. This subsection does not prohibit a driver from crossing pavement striping, or the center line in a no-passing zone marked by signs only, to make a left turn into or out of an alley or private road or driveway.

(c)

The Texas Transportation Commission, on a state highway under the jurisdiction of the commission, may:

(1)

determine those portions of the highway where passing or driving to the left of the roadway would be especially hazardous; and

(2)

show the beginning and end of each no-passing zone by appropriate signs or markings on the roadway.

(d)

A local authority, on a highway under the jurisdiction of the local authority, may:

(1)

determine those portions of the highway where passing or driving to the left of the roadway would be especially hazardous; and

(2)

show the beginning and end of each no-passing zone by appropriate signs or markings on the roadway.
Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.
Sec. 545.056. DRIVING TO LEFT OF CENTER OF ROADWAY: LIMITATIONS OTHER THAN PASSING. (a) An operator may not drive to the left side of the roadway if the operator is:

(1)

approaching within 100 feet of an intersection or railroad grade crossing in a municipality;

(2)

approaching within 100 feet of an intersection or railroad grade crossing outside a municipality and the intersection or crossing is shown by a sign or marking in accordance with Section 545.055;

(3)

approaching within 100 feet of a bridge, viaduct, or tunnel; or

(4)

awaiting access to a ferry operated by the Texas Transportation Commission.

(b)

The limitations in Subsection (a) do not apply:

(1)

on a one-way roadway; or

(2)

to an operator turning left into or from an alley or private road or driveway.

(c)

The Texas Transportation Commission shall post signs along the approach to a ferry operated by the commission notifying operators that passing is prohibited if there is a standing line of vehicles awaiting access to the ferry.
Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.
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Jun. 9, 2018