Prop. Code Section 82.003
(a)In this chapter:
(1)“Affiliate of a declarant” means any person who controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with a declarant. A person “controls” a declarant if the person is a general partner, officer, director, or employer of the declarant; directly or indirectly or acting in concert with one or more other persons, or through one or more subsidiaries, owns, controls, holds with power to vote or holds proxies representing more than 20 percent of the voting interests in the declarant; determines in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of the declarant; or has contributed more than 20 percent of the capital of the declarant. A person “is controlled by” a declarant if the declarant is a general partner, officer, director, or employer of the person; directly or indirectly or acting in concert with one or more other persons, or through one or more subsidiaries, owns, controls, holds with power to vote, or holds proxies representing more than 20 percent of the voting interests in the person; determines in any manner the election of a majority of the directors of the person; or has contributed more than 20 percent of the capital of the person.
(2)“Allocated interests” means the undivided interest in the common elements, the common expense liability, and votes in the association allocated to each unit.
(3)“Association” means the unit owners’ association organized under Section 82.101 (Organization of Unit Owners’ Association).
(4)“Board” means the board of directors or the body, regardless of name, designated to act on behalf of the association.
(5)“Common elements” means all portions of a condominium other than the units and includes both general and limited common elements.
(6)“Common expense liability” means the liability for common expenses allocated to each unit.
(7)“Common expenses” means expenditures made by or financial liabilities of the association, together with any allocations to reserves.
(8)“Condominium” means a form of real property with portions of the real property designated for separate ownership or occupancy, and the remainder of the real property designated for common ownership or occupancy solely by the owners of those portions. Real property is a condominium only if one or more of the common elements are directly owned in undivided interests by the unit owners. Real property is not a condominium if all of the common elements are owned by a legal entity separate from the unit owners, such as a corporation, even if the separate legal entity is owned by the unit owners.
(9)“Conversion building” means a building that at any time before creation of the condominium was occupied wholly or partially by persons other than purchasers and persons who occupy with the consent of purchasers.
(10)“Declarant” means a person, or group of persons acting in concert, who:
(A)as part of a common promotional plan, offers to dispose of the person’s interest in a unit not previously disposed of; or
(B)reserves or succeeds to any special declarant right.
(11)“Declaration” means an instrument, however denominated, that creates a condominium, and any amendment to that instrument.
(11-a)“Dedicatory instrument” means each document governing the establishment, maintenance, or operation of a condominium regime. The term includes a declaration or similar instrument subjecting real property to:
(A)restrictive covenants, bylaws, or similar instruments governing the administration or operation of a unit owners’ association;
(B)properly adopted rules and regulations of the unit owners’ association; or
(C)all lawful amendments to the covenants, bylaws, instruments, rules, or regulations.
(12)“Development rights” means a right or combination of rights reserved by a declarant in the declaration to:
(A)add real property to a condominium;
(B)create units, common elements, or limited common elements within a condominium;
(C)subdivide units or convert units into common elements; or
(D)withdraw real property from a condominium.
(13)“Disposition” means a voluntary transfer to a purchaser of any legal or equitable interest in a unit but does not include the transfer or release of a security interest.
(14)“General common elements” means common elements that are not limited common elements.
(15)“Identifying number” means a symbol or address that identifies only one unit in a condominium.
(16)“Leasehold condominium” means a condominium in which all or a portion of the real property is subject to a lease the expiration or termination of which will terminate the condominium or reduce its size.
(17)“Limited common element” means a portion of the common elements allocated by the declaration or by operation of Section 82.052 (Unit Boundaries) for the exclusive use of one or more but less than all of the units.
(18)“Plan” means a dimensional drawing that is recordable in the real property records or the condominium plat records and that horizontally and vertically identifies or describes units and common elements that are contained in buildings.
(19)“Plat” means a survey recordable in the real property records or the condominium plat records and containing the information required by Section 82.059 (Plats and Plans). As used in this chapter, “plat” does not have the same meaning as “plat” in Chapter 212 (Municipal Regulation of Subdivisions and Property Development) or 232 (County Regulation of Subdivisions), Local Government Code, or other statutes dealing with municipal or county regulation of property development.
(20)“Purchaser” means a person, other than a declarant, who by means of a voluntary transfer acquires a legal or equitable interest in a unit other than a leasehold interest or as security for an obligation.
(21)“Residential purposes” means recreational or dwelling purposes, or both.
(22)“Special declarant rights” means rights reserved for the benefit of a declarant to:
(A)complete improvements indicated on plats and plans filed with the declaration;
(B)exercise any development right;
(C)make the condominium part of a larger condominium or a planned community;
(D)maintain sales, management, and leasing offices, signs advertising the condominium, and models;
(E)use easements through the common elements for the purpose of making improvements within the condominium or within real property that may be added to the condominium; or
(F)appoint or remove any officer or board member of the association during any period of declarant control.
(23)“Unit” means a physical portion of the condominium designated for separate ownership or occupancy, the boundaries of which are described by the declaration.
(24)“Unit owner” means a declarant or other person who owns a unit, or a lessee of a unit in a leasehold condominium whose lease expires simultaneously with any lease the expiration or termination of which will remove the unit from the condominium, but does not include a person having an interest in a unit solely as security for an obligation.
(b)Unless otherwise provided by the declaration or bylaws, a term defined by Subsection (a) has the same meaning if used in a declaration or bylaws.
Section 82.003 — Definitions,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/PR/htm/PR.82.htm#82.003 (accessed Dec. 2, 2023).