Texas Penal Code
Sec. § 36.06
Obstruction or Retaliation


(a)

A person commits an offense if the person intentionally or knowingly harms or threatens to harm another by an unlawful act:

(1)

in retaliation for or on account of the service or status of another as a:

(A)

public servant, witness, prospective witness, or informant; or

(B)

person who has reported or who the actor knows intends to report the occurrence of a crime; or

(2)

to prevent or delay the service of another as a:

(A)

public servant, witness, prospective witness, or informant; or

(B)

person who has reported or who the actor knows intends to report the occurrence of a crime.

(a-1)

A person commits an offense if the person posts on a publicly accessible website the residence address or telephone number of an individual the actor knows is a public servant or a member of a public servant’s family or household with the intent to cause harm or a threat of harm to the individual or a member of the individual’s family or household in retaliation for or on account of the service or status of the individual as a public servant.

(b)

In this section:

(1)

“Honorably retired peace officer” means a peace officer who:

(A)

did not retire in lieu of any disciplinary action;

(B)

was eligible to retire from a law enforcement agency or was ineligible to retire only as a result of an injury received in the course of the officer’s employment with the agency; and

(C)

is entitled to receive a pension or annuity for service as a law enforcement officer or is not entitled to receive a pension or annuity only because the law enforcement agency that employed the officer does not offer a pension or annuity to its employees.

(2)

“Informant” means a person who has communicated information to the government in connection with any governmental function.

(3)

“Public servant” has the meaning assigned by Section 1.07 (Definitions), except that the term also includes an honorably retired peace officer.

(c)

An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree, except that the offense is a felony of the second degree if:

(1)

the victim of the offense was harmed or threatened because of the victim’s service or status as a juror; or

(2)

the actor’s conduct is described by Subsection (a-1) and results in the bodily injury of a public servant or a member of a public servant’s family or household.

(d)

For purposes of Subsection (a-1), it is prima facie evidence of the intent to cause harm or a threat of harm to an individual the person knows is a public servant or a member of a public servant’s family or household if the actor:

(1)

receives a written demand from the individual to not disclose the address or telephone number for reasons of safety; and

(2)

either:

(A)

fails to remove the address or telephone number from the publicly accessible website within a period of 48 hours after receiving the demand; or

(B)

reposts the address or telephone number on the same or a different publicly accessible website, or makes the information publicly available through another medium, within a period of four years after receiving the demand, regardless of whether the individual is no longer a public servant.
Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1983, 68th Leg., p. 3238, ch. 558, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 1983; Acts 1989, 71st Leg., ch. 557, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1989; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994; Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 239, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 835, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 246, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2003.
Amended by:
Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 848 (S.B. 923), Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2015.
Source
Last accessed
Jul. 12, 2020