Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code
Sec. § 154.073
Confidentiality of Certain Records and Communications


Except as provided by Subsections (c), (d), (e), and (f), a communication relating to the subject matter of any civil or criminal dispute made by a participant in an alternative dispute resolution procedure, whether before or after the institution of formal judicial proceedings, is confidential, is not subject to disclosure, and may not be used as evidence against the participant in any judicial or administrative proceeding.


Any record made at an alternative dispute resolution procedure is confidential, and the participants or the third party facilitating the procedure may not be required to testify in any proceedings relating to or arising out of the matter in dispute or be subject to process requiring disclosure of confidential information or data relating to or arising out of the matter in dispute.


An oral communication or written material used in or made a part of an alternative dispute resolution procedure is admissible or discoverable if it is admissible or discoverable independent of the procedure.


A final written agreement to which a governmental body, as defined by Section 552.003 (Definitions), Government Code, is a signatory that is reached as a result of a dispute resolution procedure conducted under this chapter is subject to or excepted from required disclosure in accordance with Chapter 552 (Public Information), Government Code.


If this section conflicts with other legal requirements for disclosure of communications, records, or materials, the issue of confidentiality may be presented to the court having jurisdiction of the proceedings to determine, in camera, whether the facts, circumstances, and context of the communications or materials sought to be disclosed warrant a protective order of the court or whether the communications or materials are subject to disclosure.


This section does not affect the duty to report abuse or neglect under Subchapter B (Persons Required to Report; Time to Report), Chapter 261 (Investigation of Report of Child Abuse or Neglect), Family Code, and abuse, exploitation, or neglect under Subchapter C (Confidentiality and Disclosure of Information; Agency Exchange of Information), Chapter 48 (Investigations and Protective Services for Elderly Persons and Persons With Disabilities), Human Resources Code.


This section applies to a victim-offender mediation by the Texas Department of Criminal Justice as described in Article 56A.602 (Victim-offender Mediation), Code of Criminal Procedure.
Added by Acts 1987, 70th Leg., ch. 1121, Sec. 1, eff. June 20, 1987. Amended by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1150, Sec. 30, eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1352, Sec. 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1999; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1034, Sec. 13, eff. Sept. 1, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1420, Sec. 21.001(6), 21.002(3), eff. Sept. 1, 2001.
Amended by:
Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 469 (H.B. 4173), Sec. 2.04, eff. January 1, 2021.
Last accessed
May. 11, 2021