Civ. Practice & Remedies Code Section 12.002
(a)A person may not make, present, or use a document or other record with:
(1)knowledge that the document or other record is a fraudulent court record or a fraudulent lien or claim against real or personal property or an interest in real or personal property;
(2)intent that the document or other record be given the same legal effect as a court record or document of a court created by or established under the constitution or laws of this state or the United States or another entity listed in Section 37.01 (Definitions), Penal Code, evidencing a valid lien or claim against real or personal property or an interest in real or personal property; and
(3)intent to cause another person to suffer:
(B)financial injury; or
(C)mental anguish or emotional distress.
(a-1)Except as provided by Subsection (a-2), a person may not file an abstract of a judgment or an instrument concerning real or personal property with a court or county clerk, or a financing statement with a filing office, if the person:
(1)is an inmate; or
(2)is not licensed or regulated under Title 11, Insurance Code, and is filing on behalf of another person who the person knows is an inmate.
(a-2)A person described by Subsection (a-1) may file an abstract, instrument, or financing statement described by that subsection if the document being filed includes a statement indicating that:
(1)the person filing the document is an inmate; or
(2)the person is filing the document on behalf of a person who is an inmate.
(b)A person who violates Subsection (a) or (a-1) is liable to each injured person for:
(1)the greater of:
(B)the actual damages caused by the violation;
(3)reasonable attorney’s fees; and
(4)exemplary damages in an amount determined by the court.
(c)A person claiming a lien under Chapter 53 (Mechanic’s, Contractor’s, or Materialman’s Lien), Property Code, is not liable under this section for the making, presentation, or use of a document or other record in connection with the assertion of the claim unless the person acts with intent to defraud.
Section 12.002 — Liability,