Tex. Penal Code Section 20.05
Smuggling of Persons


A person commits an offense if the person knowingly:


uses a motor vehicle, aircraft, watercraft, or other means of conveyance to transport an individual with the intent to:


conceal the individual from a peace officer or special investigator; or


flee from a person the actor knows is a peace officer or special investigator attempting to lawfully arrest or detain the actor;


encourages or induces a person to enter or remain in this country in violation of federal law by concealing, harboring, or shielding that person from detection; or


assists, guides, or directs two or more individuals to enter or remain on agricultural land without the effective consent of the owner.


An offense under this section is a felony of the third degree, except that the offense is:


a felony of the second degree if:


the actor commits the offense in a manner that creates a substantial likelihood that the smuggled individual will suffer serious bodily injury or death;


the smuggled individual is a child younger than 18 years of age at the time of the offense;


the offense was committed with the intent to obtain a pecuniary benefit;


during the commission of the offense the actor, another party to the offense, or an individual assisted, guided, or directed by the actor knowingly possessed a firearm; or


the actor commits the offense under Subsection (a)(1)(B); or


a felony of the first degree if:


it is shown on the trial of the offense that, as a direct result of the commission of the offense, the smuggled individual became a victim of sexual assault, as defined by Section 22.011 (Sexual Assault), or aggravated sexual assault, as defined by Section 22.021 (Aggravated Sexual Assault); or


the smuggled individual suffered serious bodily injury or death.


It is an affirmative defense to prosecution of an offense under this section, other than an offense punishable under Subsection (b)(1)(A) or (b)(2), that the actor is related to the smuggled individual within the second degree of consanguinity or, at the time of the offense, within the second degree of affinity.


If conduct constituting an offense under this section also constitutes an offense under another section of this code, the actor may be prosecuted under either section or under both sections.
Added by Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1014, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.
Amended by:
Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 223 (H.B. 260), Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2011.
Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 333 (H.B. 11), Sec. 14, eff. September 1, 2015.
Acts 2021, 87th Leg., R.S., Ch. 572 (S.B. 576), Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2021.

Source: Section 20.05 — Smuggling of Persons, https://statutes.­capitol.­texas.­gov/Docs/PE/htm/PE.­20.­htm#20.­05.

Last Updated

2 months ago
(July 23, 2023)

§ 20.05’s source at texas​.gov