Ins. Code Section 1111A.002
(1)“Advertisement” means a written, electronic, or printed communication or a communication by means of a recorded telephone message or transmitted on radio, television, the Internet, or similar communications media, including film strips, motion pictures, and videos, published, disseminated, circulated, or placed directly before the public for the purpose of creating an interest in or inducing a person to purchase or sell, assign, devise, bequest, or transfer the death benefit or ownership of a life insurance policy or an interest in a life insurance policy under a life settlement contract.
(2)“Broker” means a person who, on behalf of an owner and for a fee, commission, or other valuable consideration, offers or attempts to negotiate a life settlement contract between an owner and a provider or estimates life expectancies for a life settlement contract. A broker who offers or attempts to negotiate a life settlement contract represents only the owner and owes a fiduciary duty to the owner to act according to the owner’s instructions, and in the best interest of the owner, notwithstanding the manner in which the broker is compensated. A broker does not include an attorney, certified public accountant, or financial planner retained in the type of practice customarily performed in a professional capacity to represent the owner whose compensation is not paid directly or indirectly by the provider or any other person, except the owner.
(3)“Business of life settlements” means an activity involved in, but not limited to, offering to enter into, soliciting, negotiating, procuring, effectuating, monitoring, or tracking, of life settlement contracts.
(4)“Chronically ill” means:
(A)being unable to perform at least two activities of daily living such as eating, toileting, transferring, bathing, dressing, or continence;
(B)requiring substantial supervision to protect the individual from threats to health and safety due to severe cognitive impairment; or
(C)having a level of disability similar to that described in Paragraph (A) as determined under rules adopted by the commissioner after consideration of any applicable regulation, guideline, or determination of the United States Secretary of Health and Human Services.
(5)“Financing entity” means an underwriter, placement agent, lender, purchaser of securities, purchaser of a policy or certificate from a provider, credit enhancer, or any entity that has a direct ownership in a policy or certificate that is the subject of a life settlement contract whose principal activity related to the transaction is providing funds to effect the life settlement contract or purchase of a policy, and who has an agreement in writing with a provider to finance the acquisition of a life settlement contract. The term does not include a non-accredited investor or purchaser.
(6)“Financing transaction” means a transaction in which a licensed provider obtains financing from a financing entity including secured or unsecured financing, a securitization transaction, or a securities offering that is either registered or exempt from registration under federal and state securities law.
(7)“Fraudulent life settlement act” includes:
(A)an act or omission committed by a person who, knowingly and with intent to defraud, for the purpose of depriving another of property or for pecuniary gain, commits, or permits an employee or an agent to engage in, acts including:
(i)presenting, causing to be presented, or preparing with knowledge and belief that it will be presented to or by a provider, premium finance lender, broker, insurer, insurance agent, or any other person, false material information, or concealing material information, as part of, in support of, or concerning a fact material to one or more of the following:
(a)an application for the issuance of a life settlement contract or an insurance policy;
(b)the underwriting of a life settlement contract or an insurance policy;
(c)a claim for payment or benefit pursuant to a life settlement contract or an insurance policy;
(d)premium paid on an insurance policy;
(e)payment for and changes in ownership or beneficiary made in accordance with the terms of a life settlement contract or an insurance policy;
(f)the reinstatement or conversion of an insurance policy;
(g)in the solicitation, offer to enter into, or effectuation of a life settlement contract, or an insurance policy;
(h)the issuance of written evidence of life settlement contracts or insurance; or
(i)an application for or the existence of or any payment related to a loan secured directly or indirectly by an interest in a life insurance policy;
(ii)failing to disclose to the insurer, if the insurer has requested the disclosure, that the prospective insured has undergone a life expectancy evaluation by any person or entity other than the insurer or its authorized representatives in connection with the issuance of the policy; or
(iii)employing a device, scheme, or artifice to defraud in the business of life settlements; and
(B)acts or omissions in the furtherance of a fraud or to prevent the detection of a fraud, or acts or omissions that permit an employee or an agent to:
(i)remove, conceal, alter, destroy, or sequester from the commissioner the assets or records of a license holder or another person engaged in the business of life settlements;
(ii)misrepresent or conceal the financial condition of a license holder, financing entity, insurer, or other person;
(iii)transact the business of life settlements in violation of laws requiring a license, certificate of authority, or other legal authority for the transaction of the business of life settlements;
(iv)file with the commissioner or the chief insurance regulatory official of another jurisdiction a document containing false information or concealing information about a material fact;
(v)engage in embezzlement, theft, misappropriation, or conversion of monies, funds, premiums, credits, or other property of a provider, insurer, insured, owner, insurance policy owner, or any other person engaged in the business of life settlements or insurance;
(vi)knowingly and with intent to defraud, enter into, broker, or otherwise deal in a life settlement contract, the subject of which is a life insurance policy that was obtained by presenting false information concerning any fact material to the policy or by concealing that fact, for the purpose of misleading another, or providing information concerning any fact material to the policy, if the owner or the owner’s agent intended to defraud the policy’s issuer;
(vii)attempt to commit, assist, aid or abet in the commission of, or engage in conspiracy to commit the acts or omissions specified in this paragraph; or
(viii)misrepresent the state of residence of an owner to be a state or jurisdiction that does not have a law substantially similar to this chapter for the purpose of evading or avoiding the provisions of this chapter.
(8)“Insured” means a person covered under the policy being considered for sale in a life settlement contract.
(9)“Life expectancy” means the arithmetic mean of the number of months the insured under the life insurance policy to be settled can be expected to live as determined by a life expectancy company or provider considering medical records and appropriate experiential data.
(10)“Life insurance agent” means a person licensed in this state as a resident or nonresident insurance agent who has received qualification or authority to write life insurance coverage under this code.
(11)“Life settlement contract” means a written agreement entered into between a provider and an owner establishing the terms under which compensation or anything of value will be paid and is less than the expected death benefit of the insurance policy or certificate, in return for the owner’s assignment, transfer, sale, devise, or bequest of the death benefit or a portion of an insurance policy or certificate of insurance for compensation; provided, however, that the minimum value for a life settlement contract must be greater than a cash surrender value or accelerated death benefit available at the time of an application for a life settlement contract. The term also includes the transfer for compensation or value of ownership or beneficial interest in a trust or other entity that owns the policy if the trust or other entity was formed or used for the principal purpose of acquiring one or more life insurance contracts that insure the life of an individual residing in this state. The term also includes:
(A)a written agreement for a loan or other lending transaction, secured primarily by an individual or group life insurance policy; and
(B)a premium finance loan made for a policy on or before the date of issuance of the policy if:
(i)the loan proceeds are not used solely to pay premiums for the policy and any costs or expenses incurred by the lender or the borrower in connection with the financing;
(ii)the owner receives on the date of the premium finance loan a guarantee of the future life settlement value of the policy; or
(iii)the owner agrees on the date of the premium finance loan to sell the policy or any portion of its death benefit on a date following the issuance of the policy.
(11-A)“Life settlement contract” does not include:
(A)a policy loan by a life insurance company under the terms of a life insurance policy or accelerated death provision contained in the life insurance policy, whether issued with the original policy or as a rider;
(B)a premium finance loan or any loan made by a bank or other licensed financial institution, provided that neither default on the loan nor the transfer of the policy in connection with the default is under an agreement or understanding with any other person for the purpose of evading regulation under this chapter;
(C)a collateral assignment of a life insurance policy by an owner;
(D)a loan made by a lender that does not violate Chapter 651 (Financing of Insurance Premiums), provided that the loan is not described in Subdivision (11) and is not otherwise within the definition of life settlement contract;
(E)an agreement with respect to which all the parties are closely related to the insured by blood or law or have a lawful substantial economic interest in the continued life, health, and bodily safety of the person insured, or are trusts established primarily for the benefit of the parties;
(F)a designation, consent, or agreement by an insured who is an employee of an employer in connection with the purchase by the employer, or trust established by the employer, of life insurance on the life of the employee;
(G)a bona fide business succession planning arrangement:
(i)between one or more shareholders in a corporation or between a corporation and one or more of its shareholders or one or more trusts established by its shareholders;
(ii)between one or more partners in a partnership or between a partnership and one or more of its partners or one or more trusts established by its partners; or
(iii)between one or more members in a limited liability company or between a limited liability company and one or more of its members or one or more trusts established by its members;
(H)an agreement entered into by a service recipient, or a trust established by the service recipient, and a service provider, or a trust established by the service provider, who performs significant services for the service recipient’s trade or business; or
(I)any other contract, transaction, or arrangement from the definition of life settlement contract that the commissioner determines is not of the type intended to be regulated by this chapter.
(12)“Net death benefit” means the amount of the life insurance policy or certificate to be settled less any outstanding debts or liens.
(13)“Owner” means the owner of a life insurance policy or a certificate holder under a group policy, with or without a terminal illness, who enters or seeks to enter into a life settlement contract. In this chapter, the term “owner” is not limited to an owner of a life insurance policy or a certificate holder under a group policy that insures the life of an individual with a terminal or chronic illness or condition except as specifically provided. The term does not include:
(A)a provider or other license holder under this chapter;
(B)a qualified institutional buyer as defined by 17 C.F.R. Section 230.144A, as amended;
(C)a financing entity;
(D)a special purpose entity; or
(E)a related provider trust.
(14)“Patient identifying information” means an insured’s address, telephone number, facsimile number, e-mail address, photograph or likeness, employer, employment status, social security number, or any other information that is likely to lead to the identification of the insured.
(15)“Policy” means an individual or group policy, group certificate, contract, or arrangement of life insurance owned by a resident of this state, regardless of whether delivered or issued for delivery in this state.
(16)“Premium finance loan” is a loan made primarily for the purposes of making premium payments on a life insurance policy that is secured by an interest in the life insurance policy.
(17)“Person” means an individual or legal entity, including a partnership, limited liability company, association, trust, or corporation.
(18)“Provider” means a person, other than an owner, who enters into or effectuates a life settlement contract with an owner. The term does not include:
(A)a bank, savings bank, savings and loan association, or credit union;
(B)a licensed lending institution or creditor or secured party pursuant to a premium finance loan agreement that takes an assignment of a life insurance policy or certificate issued pursuant to a group life insurance policy as collateral for a loan;
(C)the insurer of a life insurance policy or rider to the extent of providing accelerated death benefits or riders under Subchapter B, Chapter 1111 (Accelerated Term Life Insurance Benefits), or cash surrender value;
(D)an individual who enters into or effectuates not more than one agreement in a calendar year for the transfer of a life insurance policy or certificate issued pursuant to a group life insurance policy, for compensation or anything of value less than the expected death benefit payable under the policy;
(F)any authorized or eligible insurer that provides stop loss coverage to a provider, purchaser, financing entity, special purpose entity, or related provider trust;
(G)a financing entity;
(H)a special purpose entity;
(I)a related provider trust;
(J)a broker; or
(K)an accredited investor or qualified institutional buyer as those terms are defined by 17 C.F.R. Sections 230.501 and 230.144A, respectively, as amended, who purchases a life settlement policy from a provider.
(19)“Purchased policy” means a policy or group certificate that has been acquired by a provider pursuant to a life settlement contract.
(20)“Purchaser” means a person who pays compensation or anything of value as consideration for a beneficial interest in a trust that is vested with, or for the assignment, transfer, or sale of, an ownership or other interest in a life insurance policy or a certificate issued pursuant to a group life insurance policy that has been the subject of a life settlement contract.
(21)“Related provider trust” means a titling trust or other trust established by a licensed provider or a financing entity for the sole purpose of holding the ownership or beneficial interest in purchased policies in connection with a financing transaction. In order to qualify as a related provider trust, the trust must have a written agreement with the licensed provider under which the licensed provider is responsible for ensuring compliance with all statutory and regulatory requirements and under which the trust agrees to make all records and files relating to life settlement transactions available to the department as if those records and files were maintained directly by the licensed provider.
(22)“Settled policy” means a life insurance policy or certificate that has been acquired by a provider pursuant to a life settlement contract.
(23)“Special purpose entity” means a corporation, partnership, trust, limited liability company, or other legal entity formed solely to provide either directly or indirectly access to institutional capital markets:
(A)for a financing entity or provider; or
(B)in connection with a transaction in which:
(i)the securities in the special purpose entity are acquired by the owner or by a qualified institutional buyer as defined by 17 C.F.R. Section 230.144A, as amended; or
(ii)the securities pay a fixed rate of return commensurate with established asset-backed institutional capital markets.
(24)“Terminally ill” means having an illness or sickness that can reasonably be expected to result in death not later than 24 months after the date of diagnosis.
Section 1111A.002 — Definitions,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/IN/htm/IN.1111A.htm#1111A.002 (accessed Nov. 25, 2023).