Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code
Sec. § 11.101
Prefiling Order; Contempt


A court may, on its own motion or the motion of any party, enter an order prohibiting a person from filing, pro se, a new litigation in a court to which the order applies under this section without permission of the appropriate local administrative judge described by Section 11.102 (Permission by Local Administrative Judge)(a) to file the litigation if the court finds, after notice and hearing as provided by Subchapter B, that the person is a vexatious litigant.


A person who disobeys an order under Subsection (a) is subject to contempt of court.


A litigant may appeal from a prefiling order entered under Subsection (a) designating the person a vexatious litigant.


A prefiling order entered under Subsection (a) by a justice or constitutional county court applies only to the court that entered the order.


A prefiling order entered under Subsection (a) by a district or statutory county court applies to each court in this state.
Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 806, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1997.
Amended by:
Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., 1st C.S., Ch. 3 (H.B. 79), Sec. 9.02, eff. January 1, 2012.
Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1224 (S.B. 1630), Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2013.
Last accessed
Sep. 24, 2020