Texas Civil Practice and Remedies Code
Sec. § 10.004
Violation; Sanction


A court that determines that a person has signed a pleading or motion in violation of Section 10.001 (Signing of Pleadings and Motions) may impose a sanction on the person, a party represented by the person, or both.


The sanction must be limited to what is sufficient to deter repetition of the conduct or comparable conduct by others similarly situated.


A sanction may include any of the following:


a directive to the violator to perform, or refrain from performing, an act;


an order to pay a penalty into court; and


an order to pay to the other party the amount of the reasonable expenses incurred by the other party because of the filing of the pleading or motion, including reasonable attorney’s fees.


The court may not award monetary sanctions against a represented party for a violation of Section 10.001 (Signing of Pleadings and Motions)(2).


The court may not award monetary sanctions on its own initiative unless the court issues its order to show cause before a voluntary dismissal or settlement of the claims made by or against the party or the party’s attorney who is to be sanctioned.


The filing of a general denial under Rule 92, Texas Rules of Civil Procedure, shall not be deemed a violation of this chapter.
Added by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 137, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.
Last accessed
Aug. 3, 2020