Texas Transportation Code
Sec. § 541.302
Traffic Areas


In this subtitle:

(1)

“Alley” means a street that:

(A)

is not used primarily for through traffic; and

(B)

provides access to rear entrances of buildings or lots along a street.

(2)

“Crosswalk” means:

(A)

the portion of a roadway, including an intersection, designated as a pedestrian crossing by surface markings, including lines; or

(B)

the portion of a roadway at an intersection that is within the connections of the lateral lines of the sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from the edges of the traversable roadway.

(3)

“Freeway” means a divided, controlled-access highway for through traffic.

(4)

“Freeway main lane” means a freeway lane having an uninterrupted flow of through traffic.

(5)

“Highway or street” means the width between the boundary lines of a publicly maintained way any part of which is open to the public for vehicular travel.

(6)

“Improved shoulder” means a paved shoulder.

(7)

“Laned roadway” means a roadway that is divided into at least two clearly marked lanes for vehicular travel.

(8)

“Limited-access or controlled-access highway” means a highway or roadway to which:

(A)

persons, including owners or occupants of abutting real property, have no right of access; and

(B)

access by persons to enter or exit the highway or roadway is restricted under law except at a place and in the manner determined by the authority that has jurisdiction over the highway or roadway.

(9)

“Private road or driveway” means a privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel and used only by the owner and persons who have the owner’s express or implied permission.

(10)

“Ramp” means an interconnecting roadway of a traffic interchange, or a connecting roadway between highways at different levels or between parallel highways, that allows a vehicle to enter or exit a roadway.

(11)

“Roadway” means the portion of a highway, other than the berm or shoulder, that is improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel. If a highway includes at least two separate roadways, the term applies to each roadway separately.

(12)

“Safety zone” means the area in a roadway officially designated for exclusive pedestrian use and that is protected or so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while so designated.

(13)

“School crossing zone” means a reduced-speed zone designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school during the time the reduced speed limit applies.

(14)

“School crosswalk” means a crosswalk designated on a street by a local authority to facilitate safe crossing of the street by children going to or leaving a public or private elementary or secondary school.

(15)

“Shoulder” means the portion of a highway that is:

(A)

adjacent to the roadway;

(B)

designed or ordinarily used for parking;

(C)

distinguished from the roadway by different design, construction, or marking; and

(D)

not intended for normal vehicular travel.

(16)

“Sidewalk” means the portion of a street that is:

(A)

between a curb or lateral line of a roadway and the adjacent property line; and

(B)

intended for pedestrian use.
Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 165, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1995.
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Last accessed
Sep. 26, 2020