Texas Property Code

Sec. § 94.159
Tenant’s Judicial Remedies


A tenant’s judicial remedies under Section 94.156 (Landlord Liability and Tenant Remedies; Notice and Time for Repair) shall include:


an order directing the landlord to take reasonable action to repair or remedy the condition;


an order reducing the tenant’s rent, from the date of the first repair notice, in proportion to the reduced rental value resulting from the condition until the condition is repaired or remedied;


a judgment against the landlord for a civil penalty of one month’s rent plus $500;


a judgment against the landlord for the amount of the tenant’s actual damages; and


court costs and attorney’s fees, excluding any attorney’s fees for a cause of action for damages relating to a personal injury.


A landlord who knowingly violates Section 94.003 (Waiver of Rights and Duties) by contracting with a tenant to waive the landlord’s duty to repair under this subchapter shall be liable to the tenant for actual damages, a civil penalty of one month’s rent plus $2,000, and reasonable attorney’s fees. For purposes of this subsection, there shall be a rebuttable presumption that the landlord acted without knowledge of the violation. The tenant shall have the burden of pleading and proving a knowing violation. If the lease is not in violation of Section 94.003 (Waiver of Rights and Duties), the tenant’s proof of a knowing violation must be clear and convincing. A mutual agreement for tenant repair under Section 94.157 (Tenant’s Repair and Deduct Remedies)(i) is not a violation of Section 94.003 (Waiver of Rights and Duties).


The justice, county, and district courts have concurrent jurisdiction of an action under Subsection (a), except that the justice court may not order repairs under Subsection (a)(1).
Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 801, Sec. 1, eff. April 1, 2002.

Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021