Health & Safety Code Section 374.202
(a)The commission may hold an owner responsible for up to 100 percent of the costs of corrective action attributable to the owner if the commission finds, after notice and an opportunity for a hearing that:
(1)requiring the owner to bear the responsibility will not prejudice another owner or person who is eligible, under this chapter, to have corrective action costs paid by the fund; and
(A)caused a release by operating practices contrary to those generally in use at the time of the release;
(B)is in arrears for money owed under this chapter, after notice and an opportunity to correct the arrearage;
(C)obstructed the efforts of the commission to carry out its obligations under this chapter other than by the exercise of the owner’s legal rights;
(D)caused or allowed the release because of a material violation of the performance standards established by this chapter or the rules adopted by the commission under this chapter; or
(E)has more than once violated Section 374.151 (Response to Release) or related commission rules.
(b)To the extent that an owner is responsible for corrective action costs under this subsection, the owner is not entitled to the exemption under Section 374.207 (Eligible Owner or Registered Person Exempt from Certain Claims).
(c)The commission, or the attorney general at the request of the commission, may bring a civil action to recover any amounts owed to the commission under this section. The commission or attorney general, as applicable, may recover court costs, the costs of preparing for litigation, and reasonable attorney’s fees incurred in an action brought under this section. An owner is jointly and severally liable with any other defendant for the entire amount of costs.
Section 374.202 — Owner Responsibility,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/HS/htm/HS.374.htm#374.202 (accessed Nov. 25, 2023).