Health & Safety Code Section 244.016
Payment and Collection of Administrative Penalty; Judicial Review
(a)Within 30 days after the date an order of the department under Section 244.015 (Imposition of Administrative Penalty)(k) that imposes an administrative penalty becomes final, the person shall:
(1)pay the penalty; or
(2)file a petition for judicial review of the department’s order contesting the occurrence of the violation, the amount of the penalty, or both.
(b)Within the 30-day period prescribed by Subsection (a), a person who files a petition for judicial review may:
(1)stay enforcement of the penalty by:
(A)paying the penalty to the court for placement in an escrow account; or
(B)giving the court a supersedeas bond approved by the court that:
(i)is for the amount of the penalty; and
(ii)is effective until all judicial review of the department’s order is final; or
(2)request the court to stay enforcement of the penalty by:
(A)filing with the court a sworn affidavit of the person stating that the person is financially unable to pay the penalty and is financially unable to give the supersedeas bond; and
(B)sending a copy of the affidavit to the department by certified mail.
(c)If the department receives a copy of an affidavit under Subsection (b)(2), the department may file with the court, within five days after the date the copy is received, a contest to the affidavit. The court shall hold a hearing on the facts alleged in the affidavit as soon as practicable and shall stay the enforcement of the penalty on finding that the alleged facts are true. The person who files an affidavit has the burden of proving that the person is financially unable to pay the penalty or to give a supersedeas bond.
(d)If the person does not pay the penalty and the enforcement of the penalty is not stayed, the penalty may be collected. The attorney general may sue to collect the penalty.
(e)If the court sustains the finding that a violation occurred, the court may uphold or reduce the amount of the penalty and order the person to pay the full or reduced amount of the penalty.
(f)If the court does not sustain the finding that a violation occurred, the court shall order that a penalty is not owed.
(g)If the person paid the penalty and if the amount of the penalty is reduced or the penalty is not upheld by the court, the court shall order, when the court’s judgment becomes final, that the appropriate amount plus accrued interest be remitted to the person within 30 days after the date that the judgment of the court becomes final. The interest accrues at the rate charged on loans to depository institutions by the New York Federal Reserve Bank. The interest shall be paid for the period beginning on the date the penalty is paid and ending on the date the penalty is remitted.
(h)If the person gave a supersedeas bond and the penalty is not upheld by the court, the court shall order, when the court’s judgment becomes final, the release of the bond. If the person gave a supersedeas bond and the amount of the penalty is reduced, the court shall order the release of the bond after the person pays the reduced amount.
Section 244.016 — Payment and Collection of Administrative Penalty; Judicial Review,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/HS/htm/HS.244.htm#244.016 (accessed Nov. 25, 2023).