Texas Family Code

Sec. § 71.0021
Dating Violence


“Dating violence” means an act, other than a defensive measure to protect oneself, by an actor that:


is committed against a victim or applicant for a protective order:


with whom the actor has or has had a dating relationship; or


because of the victim’s or applicant’s marriage to or dating relationship with an individual with whom the actor is or has been in a dating relationship or marriage; and


is intended to result in physical harm, bodily injury, assault, or sexual assault or that is a threat that reasonably places the victim or applicant in fear of imminent physical harm, bodily injury, assault, or sexual assault.


For purposes of this title, “dating relationship” means a relationship between individuals who have or have had a continuing relationship of a romantic or intimate nature. The existence of such a relationship shall be determined based on consideration of:


the length of the relationship;


the nature of the relationship; and


the frequency and type of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship.


A casual acquaintanceship or ordinary fraternization in a business or social context does not constitute a “dating relationship” under Subsection (b).
Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 91, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.
Amended by:
Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 872 (S.B. 116), Sec. 2, eff. June 17, 2011.
Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 117 (S.B. 817), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2015.

Last accessed
Jun. 7, 2021