Texas Business and Commerce Code
Sec. § 104.003
Civil Action


A franchisee may bring a civil action against a franchisor who violates Section 104.002 (Prohibited Fees, Charges, and Discounts), without regard to the amount in controversy, in the district court in any county in which the franchisor or franchisee transacts business. An action under this section must be commenced and prosecuted not later than the second anniversary of the date the cause of action accrues against the franchisor.


The court shall award to a franchisee who prevails in an action under this section:


the amount of actual damages;


equitable relief as determined by the court to be necessary to remedy the effects of the franchisors violation of Section 104.002 (Prohibited Fees, Charges, and Discounts), including a declaratory judgment, permanent injunctive relief, and temporary injunctive relief; and


court costs and attorneys fees that are reasonable in relation to the amount of work expended.


In addition to the remedies provided under Subsection (b), on finding that the defendant wilfully and knowingly committed the violation, the trier of fact shall award not more than three times the amount of actual damages.


In an action under this section, the franchisor has the burden of establishing the offset described by Section 104.002 (Prohibited Fees, Charges, and Discounts) as an affirmative defense.
Added by Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 885 (H.B. 2278), Sec. 2.01, eff. April 1, 2009.
Last accessed
Jan. 27, 2020