Health & Safety Code Section 241.054
(a)The department shall:
(1)notify a hospital of a finding by the department that the hospital is violating or has violated this chapter or a rule or standard adopted under this chapter; and
(2)provide the hospital an opportunity to correct the violation.
(b)After the notice and opportunity to comply, the commissioner may request the attorney general or the appropriate district or county attorney to institute and conduct a suit for a violation of this chapter or a rule adopted under this chapter.
(c)The department may petition a district court for a temporary restraining order to restrain a continuing violation if the department finds that the violation creates an immediate threat to the health and safety of the patients of a hospital.
(d)On his own initiative, the attorney general, a district attorney, or a county attorney may maintain an action in the name of the state for a violation of this chapter or a rule adopted under this chapter.
(e)The district court shall assess the civil penalty authorized by Section 241.055 (Civil Penalty), grant injunctive relief, or both, as warranted by the facts. The injunctive relief may include any prohibitory or mandatory injunction warranted by the facts, including a temporary restraining order, temporary injunction, or permanent injunction.
(f)The department and the party bringing the suit may recover reasonable expenses incurred in obtaining injunctive relief, civil penalties, or both, including investigation costs, court costs, reasonable attorney fees, witness fees, and deposition expenses.
(g)Venue may be maintained in Travis County or in the county in which the violation occurred.
(h)Not later than the seventh day before the date on which the attorney general intends to bring suit on his own initiative, the attorney general shall provide to the department notice of the suit. The attorney general is not required to provide notice of a suit if the attorney general determines that waiting to bring suit until the notice is provided will create an immediate threat to the health and safety of a patient. This section does not create a requirement that the attorney general obtain the permission of a referral from the department before filing suit.
(i)The injunctive relief and civil penalty authorized by this section and Section 241.055 (Civil Penalty) are in addition to any other civil, administrative, or criminal penalty provided by law.
Section 241.054 — Violations; Injunctions,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/HS/htm/HS.241.htm#241.054 (accessed Dec. 9, 2023).