Gov't Code Section 4001.056
(1)a person or company, other than an agent, who for all or part of the person’s or company’s time engages in this state, directly or through an agent, in selling, offering for sale or delivery, soliciting subscriptions to or orders for, undertaking to dispose of, or inviting offers for any security; and
(2)a person or company who deals in any other manner in any security in this state.
(b)Except as provided by Subsection (c), an issuer, other than a registered dealer, who directly or through any person or company, other than a registered dealer, offers for sale, sells, or makes sales of the issuer’s own securities is deemed a dealer and shall comply with this title.
(c)An issuer is not deemed a dealer under Subsection (b) if:
(1)the issuer sells or offers for sale securities to a registered dealer or only by or through a registered dealer acting as fiscal agent for the issuer; or
(2)the transaction is exempt as provided by Subchapter A (Scope of Exemption), Chapter 4005 (Exemptions).
(d)Except as expressly provided otherwise in this title, a person or company engaged in the sale of, offer for sale of, solicitation of, subscription to, dealing in, or delivery of a security made in a transaction or under a condition specified in Subchapter A (Scope of Exemption), Chapter 4005 (Exemptions), is not deemed a dealer within the meaning of this title.
Section 4001.056 — Dealer,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/GV/htm/GV.4001.htm#4001.056 (accessed Nov. 25, 2023).