Tex. Gov't Code Section 311.015
Reference to a Series

If a statute refers to a series of numbers or letters, the first and last numbers or letters are included.
Acts 1985, 69th Leg., ch. 479, Sec. 1, eff. Sept. 1, 1985.
Sec. 311.016. “MAY,” “SHALL,” “MUST,” ETC. The following constructions apply unless the context in which the word or phrase appears necessarily requires a different construction or unless a different construction is expressly provided by statute:


“May” creates discretionary authority or grants permission or a power.


“Shall” imposes a duty.


“Must” creates or recognizes a condition precedent.


“Is entitled to” creates or recognizes a right.


“May not” imposes a prohibition and is synonymous with “shall not.”


“Is not entitled to” negates a right.


“Is not required to” negates a duty or condition precedent.
Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 220, Sec. 1, eff. May 23, 1997.

Source: Section 311.015 — Reference to a Series, https://statutes.­capitol.­texas.­gov/Docs/GV/htm/GV.­311.­htm#311.­015 (accessed Dec. 2, 2023).

Dec. 2, 2023

§ 311.015’s source at texas​.gov