Gov't Code Section 2306.186
Mandatory Deposits to Fund Necessary Repairs
(a)In this section:
(1)“Bank trustee” means a bank authorized to do business in this state, with the power to act as trustee.
(2)“Department assistance” means any state or federal assistance administered by or through the department, including low income housing tax credits.
(3)“First lien lender” means a lender whose lien has first priority.
(4)“Reserve account” means an individual account:
(A)created to fund any necessary repairs for a multifamily rental housing development; and
(B)maintained by a first lien lender or bank trustee.
(b)If the department is the first lien lender with respect to the development, each owner who receives department assistance for a multifamily rental housing development that contains 25 or more rental units shall deposit annually into a reserve account:
(1)for the year 2004:
(A)not less than $150 per unit per year for units one to five years old; and
(B)not less than $200 per unit per year for units six or more years old; and
(2)for each year following the year 2004, the amounts per unit per year as described by Subdivision (1).
(c)A land use restriction agreement or restrictive covenant between the owner and the department must require the owner to begin making annual deposits to the reserve account on the date that occupancy of the multifamily rental housing development stabilizes or the date that permanent financing for the development is completely in place, whichever occurs later, and shall continue making deposits until the earliest of the following dates:
(1)the date of any involuntary change in ownership of the development;
(2)the date on which the owner suffers a total casualty loss with respect to the development or the date on which the development becomes functionally obsolete, if the development cannot be or is not restored;
(3)the date on which the development is demolished;
(4)the date on which the development ceases to be used as multifamily rental property; or
(5)the end of the affordability period specified by the land use restriction agreement or restrictive covenant.
(d)With respect to multifamily rental developments, if the establishment of a reserve fund for repairs has not been required by the first lien lender, the development owner shall set aside the repair reserve amount as a reserve for capital improvements. The reserve must be established for each unit in the development, regardless of the amount of rent charged for the unit.
(e)Beginning with the 11th year after the awarding of any financial assistance for the development by the department, the owner of a multifamily rental housing development shall contract for a third-party physical needs assessment at appropriate intervals that are consistent with lender requirements with respect to the development. If the first lien lender does not require a third-party physical needs assessment or if the department is the first lien lender, the owner shall contract with a third party to conduct a physical needs assessment at least once during each five-year period beginning with the 11th year after the awarding of any financial assistance for the development by the department. The owner of the development shall submit to the department copies of the most recent third-party physical needs assessment conducted on the development, any response by the owner to the assessment, any repairs made in response to the assessment, and information on any necessary changes to the required reserve based on the assessment.
(f)The department may complete necessary repairs if the owner fails to complete the repairs as required by Subsection (e). Payment for those repairs must be made directly by the owner of the development or through a reserve account established for the development under this section.
(g)If notified of the development owner’s failure to comply with a local health, safety, or building code, the department may enter on the property and complete any repairs necessary to correct a violation of that code, as identified in the applicable violation report, and may pay for those repairs through a reserve account established for the development under this section.
(h)The duties of the owner of a multifamily rental housing development under this section cease on the date of a voluntary change in ownership of the development, but the subsequent owner of the development is subject to the deposit, inspection, and notification requirements of Subsections (b), (c), (d), and (e).
(i)The first lien lender shall maintain the reserve account. In the event there is no longer a first lien lender, then Subsections (b) and (d) no longer apply.
(j)The department shall adopt rules that:
(1)establish requirements and standards regarding:
(A)for first lien lenders and bank trustees:
(i)maintenance of reserve accounts and reasonable costs of that maintenance;
(iii)transfer of money in reserve accounts to the department to fund necessary repairs; and
(iv)oversight of reserve accounts and the provision of financial data and other information to the department; and
(B)for owners, inspections of the multifamily rental housing developments and identification of necessary repairs, including requirements and standards regarding construction, rehabilitation, and occupancy that may enable quicker identification of those repairs;
(2)identify circumstances in which money in the reserve accounts may:
(A)be used for expenses other than necessary repairs, including property taxes or insurance; and
(B)fall below mandatory deposit levels without resulting in department action;
(3)define the scope of department oversight of reserve accounts and the repair process;
(4)provide the consequences of any failure to make a required deposit, including a definition of good cause, if any, for a failure to make a required deposit;
(5)specify or create processes and standards to be used by the department to obtain repairs for developments;
(6)define for purposes of Subsection (c) the date on which occupancy of a development is considered to have stabilized and the date on which permanent financing is considered to be completely in place; and
(7)provide for appointment of a bank trustee as necessary under this section.
(k)The department shall assess an administrative penalty on development owners who fail to contract for the third-party physical needs assessment and make the identified repairs as required by this section. The department may assess the administrative penalty in the same manner as an administrative penalty assessed under Section 2306.6023 (Negotiated Rulemaking and Alternative Dispute Resolution). The penalty is computed by multiplying $200 by the number of dwelling units in the development and must be paid to the department. The office of the attorney general shall assist the department in the collection of the penalty and the enforcement of this subsection.
(l)This section does not apply to a development for which an owner is required to maintain a reserve account under any other provision of federal or state law.
Section 2306.186 — Mandatory Deposits to Fund Necessary Repairs,
https://statutes.capitol.texas.gov/Docs/GV/htm/GV.2306.htm#2306.186 (accessed Dec. 2, 2023).