Texas Penal Code
Sec. § 9.42
Deadly Force to Protect Property

A person is justified in using deadly force against another to protect land or tangible, movable property:


if he would be justified in using force against the other under Section 9.41 (Protection of Ones Own Property); and


when and to the degree he reasonably believes the deadly force is immediately necessary:


to prevent the others imminent commission of arson, burglary, robbery, aggravated robbery, theft during the nighttime, or criminal mischief during the nighttime; or


to prevent the other who is fleeing immediately after committing burglary, robbery, aggravated robbery, or theft during the nighttime from escaping with the property; and


he reasonably believes that:


the land or property cannot be protected or recovered by any other means; or


the use of force other than deadly force to protect or recover the land or property would expose the actor or another to a substantial risk of death or serious bodily injury.
Acts 1973, 63rd Leg., p. 883, ch. 399, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1974. Amended by Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 900, Sec. 1.01, eff. Sept. 1, 1994.
Last accessed
Apr. 3, 2020