Texas Business Organizations Code
Sec. § 10.354
Rights of Dissent and Appraisal


(a)

Subject to Subsection (b), an owner of an ownership interest in a domestic entity subject to dissenters rights is entitled to:

(1)

dissent from:

(A)

a plan of merger to which the domestic entity is a party if owner approval is required by this code and the owner owns in the domestic entity an ownership interest that was entitled to vote on the plan of merger;

(B)

a sale of all or substantially all of the assets of the domestic entity if owner approval is required by this code and the owner owns in the domestic entity an ownership interest that was entitled to vote on the sale;

(C)

a plan of exchange in which the ownership interest of the owner is to be acquired;

(D)

a plan of conversion in which the domestic entity is the converting entity if owner approval is required by this code and the owner owns in the domestic entity an ownership interest that was entitled to vote on the plan of conversion;

(E)

a merger effected under Section 10.006 in which:

(i)

the owner is entitled to vote on the merger; or

(ii)

the ownership interest of the owner is converted or exchanged;

(F)

a merger effected under Section 21.459(c) in which the shares of the shareholders are converted or exchanged; or

(G)

if the owner owns shares that were entitled to vote on the amendment, an amendment to a domestic for-profit corporations certificate of formation to:

(i)

add the provisions required by Section 3.007(e) to elect to be a public benefit corporation; or

(ii)

delete the provisions required by Section 3.007(e), which in effect cancels the corporations election to be a public benefit corporation; and

(2)

subject to compliance with the procedures set forth in this subchapter, obtain the fair value of that ownership interest through an appraisal.

(b)

Notwithstanding Subsection (a), subject to Subsection (c), an owner may not dissent from a plan of merger or conversion in which there is a single surviving or new domestic entity or non-code organization, or from a plan of exchange, if:

(1)

the ownership interest, or a depository receipt in respect of the ownership interest, held by the owner:

(A)

in the case of a plan of merger, conversion, or exchange, other than a plan of merger pursuant to Section 21.459(c), is part of a class or series of ownership interests, or depository receipts in respect of ownership interests, that, on the record date set for purposes of determining which owners are entitled to vote on the plan of merger, conversion, or exchange, as appropriate, are either:

(i)

listed on a national securities exchange; or

(ii)

held of record by at least 2,000 owners; or

(B)

in the case of a plan of merger pursuant to Section 21.459(c), is part of a class or series of ownership interests, or depository receipts in respect of ownership interests, that, immediately before the date the board of directors of the corporation that issued the ownership interest held, directly or indirectly, by the owner approves the plan of merger, are either:

(i)

listed on a national securities exchange; or

(ii)

held of record by at least 2,000 owners;

(2)

the owner is not required by the terms of the plan of merger, conversion, or exchange, as appropriate, to accept for the owners ownership interest any consideration that is different from the consideration to be provided to any other holder of an ownership interest of the same class or series as the ownership interest held by the owner, other than cash instead of fractional shares or interests the owner would otherwise be entitled to receive; and

(3)

the owner is not required by the terms of the plan of merger, conversion, or exchange, as appropriate, to accept for the owners ownership interest any consideration other than:

(A)

ownership interests, or depository receipts in respect of ownership interests, of a domestic entity or non-code organization of the same general organizational type that, immediately after the effective date of the merger, conversion, or exchange, as appropriate, will be part of a class or series of ownership interests, or depository receipts in respect of ownership interests, that are:

(i)

listed on a national securities exchange or authorized for listing on the exchange on official notice of issuance; or

(ii)

held of record by at least 2,000 owners;

(B)

cash instead of fractional ownership interests, or fractional depository receipts in respect of ownership interests, the owner would otherwise be entitled to receive; or

(C)

any combination of the ownership interests, or fractional depository receipts in respect of ownership interests, and cash described by Paragraphs (A) and (B).

(c)

Subsection (b) shall not apply to a domestic entity that is a subsidiary with respect to a merger under Section 10.006.

(d)

Notwithstanding Subsection (a), an owner of an ownership interest in a domestic for-profit corporation subject to dissenters rights may not dissent from an amendment to the corporations certificate of formation described by Subsection (a)(1)(G) if the shares held by the owner are part of a class or series of shares, on the record date set for purposes of determining which owners are entitled to vote on the amendment:

(1)

listed on a national securities exchange; or

(2)

held of record by at least 2,000 owners.
Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 182, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2006.
Amended by:
Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 64 (H.B. 1319), Sec. 39, eff. January 1, 2006.
Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 139 (S.B. 748), Sec. 14, eff. September 1, 2011.
Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 32 (S.B. 860), Sec. 15, eff. September 1, 2015.
Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 776 (H.B. 3488), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2017.
Acts 2019, 86th Leg., R.S., Ch. 665 (S.B. 1971), Sec. 2, eff. September 1, 2019.
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Last accessed
Oct. 21, 2019